An itchy scalp is the inflammatory reaction of the skin on the head underneath the hair. This condition is mostly associated with adults. The frequency, duration, and severity of the scalp are determined by the underlying cause. For the condition to be treated effectively, the cause needs to first be established. At times, an itchy scalp is associated with broken skin or a visible rash.
One common cause for an itchy scalp is seborrheic dermatitis – a combination of oily skin, overgrowth of yeast, and dandruff. This scalp problem also affects teenagers as they undergo hormonal changes. The condition can be treated by using nontoxic products like medicated shampoos which are formulated to eliminate dandruffs. Physicians normally prescribe antibiotics if greasy red patches are noted.
Allergic irritant dermatitis is another cause of this scalp disorder. The irritation can be caused by soaps, certain shampoos, hair dye, or the use of new hair products. This condition can be treated by determining the cause of the irritation and avoiding it. For example, if the cause is the conditioner or the shampoo, you simply need to change them and identify one that will not irritate the scalp. A physician can prescribe steroid medications or antibiotics if the scalp becomes infected.
An itchy scalp can occur for a significant amount of time if the cause is scalp psoriasis. The treatment for this condition is determined by its severity. However, most treatments involve the use of topical remedies like ointments or creams whose ingredients include Vitamin 3, corticosteroids, and retinoid. Phototherapy may also be used to get rid of the T-cells in the scalp.
Tinea Captis – or ringworms of the scalp – are fungal skin infections. If the ringworms are not treated promptly, they can lead to permanent hair loss in the affected area. Ringworms are usually in the form of circular patches with raised edges. A physician can prescribe anti-fungal medicine or, alternatively, shampoos containing zinc pyrithione or selenium sulfide can be used. The treatment administered is determined by the extent of the ringworms.
For you to treat this scalp condition appropriately, you must first establish the cause. Scratching the head exacerbates the problem because it leads to the introduction of fungus and bacteria into the scalp, leading to secondary infections