Hair transplantation is one of the most popular hair restoration procedures. Survival of transplanted hair, to say the least, is not always predictable. It is true that this procedure may lead to restoration of hairs on initially bald areas;but it is also true that the procedure may yield disappointing results. Many factors, thus, come into play in determining the success rate of hair transplant and related surgical procedures.
One fact is certain about hair transplantation: medically or technically, everyone can have a hair transplant. This, however, does not mean that the procedure suits all.
Factors such as age, hairloss stage, donor areas management, and the patient’s expectations must all be considered before the procedure is carried out. Other equally important factors that must be considered include a surgeon’s experience, expertise, donor areas’ hair density, and the direction in which a patient’s hair grows.
Certain hairloss stages may rule out hair transplantation. Also, doctors may advise patients who are advanced in age against doing the procedure. Before an operation still, patients with unrealistic hair restoration expectations may also need to be counseled about the possible outcomes of the procedure. Such patients may also need to be advised that several procedures may need to be carried out before the desired results are realized.
Hair density and scalp laxity are other factors that play a critical role in determining the success or failure of all hair restoration procedures. On its own, hair density refers to the number of hair follicles per square centimeter of scalp. High density of a patient’s hair may assure a positive outcome. Scalp laxity, on the other hand, refers to the flexibility and looseness of scalp. Like hair density, a higher scalp density may promise a better result.
The direction in which, hair naturally grows also plays an important role. Generally, coarser hair has been found to have good results. The hair is bulkier and requires only a few hairs per graft when it is coarse. Fine hair, on the other hand, has fewer bulbs. It gives a lower coverage. Wavy and curly hairs have also been found to give exceptional coverage, and natural looks.
A patient may fulfill all the requirements of a successful hair transplant, but all this may be meaningless if the surgeon does not have all it takes to carry out the procedure successfully. Unlike other restoration procedures, transplantation requires both expertise and artistic talent on the part of the surgeon.